The Basic Ways a Batsman Can Be Out in Cricket - Latest Nov 2023

The Basic Ways a Batsman Can Be Out in Cricket - Latest Nov 2023

obscure cricketing rules that can dismiss a batsman
comprehensive guide to bizarre cricket dismissals of batsmen


Cricket is a bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of 11 players each. As a batsman, your main objective is to score runs for your team. However, there are several ways that you can be given out and have to leave the field. Being familiar with these dismissal methods is crucial for any cricketer. Here is an overview of the main cricketing rules under which batsmen can be out:

Caught Out

The most common dismissal in cricket is when the batsman hits the ball in the air and it is caught by a fielder before it touches the ground. As soon as the ball is caught, the batsman is out caught. Catches can be taken anywhere on the field of play behind the popping crease.

Bowled Out

If the bowler manages to hit the wickets with the ball and dislodge one or both of the bails, the batsman is out bowled. The ball can clip the edge of the bat or batsman’s pads or body before going on to hit the wickets, but as long as it hits the stumps the batsman is still bowled out. Being out bowled is the second most common dismissal method after caught.

LBW - Leg Before Wicket

If the batsman’s pads or body prevent a ball that would have otherwise hit the stumps from doing so, he can be given out leg before wicket (LBW). For an LBW decision, the ball usually strikes the batsman on the leg or foot blocking its path. LBW appeals require the umpire to judge whether the ball would have continued on to hit the wickets. Complex rules govern LBW decisions depending on where the ball pitched, whether it hit in line with the stumps, and whether the batsman was attempting to hit it.

Hit Wicket

If in the act of receiving a delivery or running between the wickets, the batsman dislodges his own wickets with his bat, body, or equipment, he is out hit wicket. This includes knocking a bail off the stumps or uprooting the stumps altogether.

Stumped Out

When facing a spin bowler, the batsman often comes down the pitch to reach the ball's bounce before it turns. If he misses or edges the delivery, the wicketkeeper can stump him out. On seeing the batsman charge forward, the keeper collects the ball and whips off the bails with the batsman stranded out of his crease.

Run Out

Batters have to run between the wickets to score runs after hitting the ball. If a fielder breaks the wicket with the ball while the batsman is still running, he is out run out. Run outs happen via direct hits on the stumps or close catches where the fielder catches and then breaks the wicket.

Handling the Ball

can a batsman be given out for handling the ball in cricket


If the batsman deliberately touches the ball with a hand that is not holding the bat, he can be given out for handling the ball. This includes using the hands to protect the wickets or wilfully obstructing a fielder's throw.

Obstructing the Field

Even if a batsman is unintentionally impeding a fielder’s attempt to field or get to the ball, he can be given out for obstruction. So if a batsman wilfully changes direction to block a fielder’s throw or prevent the ball from hitting the wickets, he is obstructing the field.

Timed Out

After a dismissal, the incoming batsman must be ready to face a delivery or be at the striker’s end within three minutes of the previous wicket falling. If he is still not ready to resume play by then, the incoming batsman can be given out timed out.

Retired Out

Sometimes batsmen choose to retire themselves out if they have suffered an injury or illness preventing them from continuing. Retired outs require the umpire’s consent. The batsman can only return later to resume his innings if the opposing captain allows it.

Hitting the Ball Twice

According to the laws, a batsman cannot hit the ball twice to give himself an advantage. So if a batsman facing a delivery hits it unsuccessfully the first time and it remains in play, he cannot deliberately hit it again to score extra runs. If he does so, he is out hitting the ball twice.

Violating Boundary Rules

If any part of the batsman's body touches or goes beyond the boundary rope while the ball is still in play, the batsman is out. Similarly, at no point during his innings can he allow his bat or equipment to cross the boundary and touch the ball. Doing so would mean the batsman is out caught.

Lost Ball

In extremely rare cases, the ball gets lost on the large cricket field and cannot be found nor replaced quickly. If this happens before fielders establish that a dismissal has occurred, the batsman at the striker’s end will be given out lost ball.

Violating the Spirit of Cricket

Most dismissals above involve clear breaches of cricketing laws. But batsmen can also be given out by umpires for unfair play that violates the spirit in which the game should be played. So ungentlemanly conduct can result in a dismissal if it contravenes basic sporting ethics.

In Conclusion

Cricket’s many intricate rules for determining valid and unfair dismissals of batsmen have evolved over time to ensure balance between bat and ball. Watching batsmen depart is an integral part of enjoying cricket’s drama!

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